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AFC Urges the City to Focus on Significant Racial Disparities in School Arrest Data

09.15.2016 | Today, the New York City Police Department (NYPD) released data showing that schools have continued to become safer: there are record lows in school crime and fewer students arrested for school-related incidents. Despite these improvements, new data reported pursuant to Student Safety Act amendments passed last year illustrates the critical need for the City to embark on a long overdue strategic plan to address significant racial disparities in students arrested, issued summonses, and handcuffed in school. 

“While the data shows a welcome decline in school crime, it’s very troubling to see the continued racial disparities in who is arrested or given a summons, with Black and Latino students disproportionately affected. The City needs to develop and implement a comprehensive plan that tackles these disparities head on and uses data to target its efforts effectively,” said Kim Sweet, the Executive Director of Advocates for Children of New York.

In addition to the racial disparities, the second quarter data suggests that some school staff have not received appropriate de-escalation training and some schools do not have appropriate de-escalation plans in place to manage students in emotional crisis, as required by the New York City Department of Education (DOE) Chancellor’s Regulation A-411. Consequently, students in emotional crisis as young as 7 years old are getting handcuffed in schools.

The data also shows that students—almost all of whom are students of color—get entangled in the court system for noncriminal incidents at school. Students as young as 16 years old receive a summons to appear in court for minor misbehavior that does not rise to the level of a crime. The City must move quickly to revise the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the NYPD and the DOE to decriminalize student misbehavior by clearly delineating the roles of school administrators and the NYPD.

Finally, the data reveals a troubling number of students arrested in school for incidents that occurred outside of school. 38% of student arrests in school were for non-school related incidents. “Schools are places of learning. Students should not fear that they or their friends will be interrogated, arrested, and hauled off in handcuffs by police officers when they go to school,” said Dawn Yuster, School Justice Project Director at Advocates for Children of New York.

View statement [PDF]